Sweet Clovers (yellow and white)

  • Biennial or annuals
  • Grow to over 5 feet in height, unless moisture is limited
  • For biennials, the first year growth produces a rosette of leaves, in the second year flowering stems will arise
  • Yellow sweet clover tend to be shorter and earlier maturity than white blossom
  • Sweet clover spreads naturally along roadsides and fields 
  • Commonly is confused with wild mustard
  • Hard seeds can produce abundant stands of sweet clovers many years after the seed was produced
  • Sweet clover can be a great option for mixing with grasses, sweet clover provides nitrogen that can increase vigor and production

Alsike Clover

  • Short-lived, small rooted, perennial
  • Generally blooms from May to August
  • Flower is light pink to white, eventually turns brown once mature
  • Prefers a cooler and wet climate than red clover, tolerates acidic and alkaline soils
  • Can cause photosensitization in horses

Red Clover

  • Short-lived, tap rooted, perennial
  • Generally blooms from June to August
  • Flowers are a rosy-pink to reddish-purple in color, turn brown when mature
  • Red clover is the most widely grown clover in the United States

White Clover is a low growing, tap rooted perennial with many creeping stems. Leaflets are broadly elliptic to nearly circular or shallowly heart shaped. The round flowers occur from June to September and are typically ½ to 1 inch across, white to pinkish and turning brown. White clover is a common associate of Kentucky bluegrass and is found along waterways throughout the northern great plains, making it the most widespread and widely naturalized clover in the region. ‘White Dutch’ and ‘Ladino’ are cultivars.